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The next Paleolithic excavations in the Swabian Jura will take place between May 2 and August 12, 2022. More information to follow.
Hohle Fels Cave
Hohle Fels is situated in the Ach river valley at the base of a Jurassic limestone outcrop, just northeast of the town of Schelklingen. With a volume of about 6,000 cubic meters, the cave is one of the largest of the Swabian Jura. Hohle Fels Cave provides an important record of the cultural stratigraphy of the Middle Paleolithic, Aurignacian, Gravettian and Magdalenian periods, but is particularly well-known for its Aurignacian and Gravettian finds. Hohle Fels Cave provides one of the rare opportunities to investigate the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition from Neanderthals to Anatomically Modern Humans using modern excavation methods. Noteworthy finds include a female figurine and flutes from the Early Aurignacian layers representing the oldest evidence of figurative art and musical instruments worldwide.
The Paleolithic site of Vogelherd is located in the Lone river valley northwest of the town of Niederstotzingen. The site was excavated in 1931 in just 12 weeks and provided examples of mammoth ivory figurines from the Aurignacian as well as important lithic and faunal assemblages from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. Excavation of the back dirt from 2005 to 2012 yielded many important Paleolithic finds, mainly from the Aurignacian deposits, including numerous examples of figurative art and personal ornaments. Vogelherd is a key site for investigating the transition from Neandertals to Anatomically Modern Humans.
The site of Schöningen is situated at the edge of a large brown coal mine in Lower Saxony. In the 1990s the site yielded eight wooden lances and several horse skeletons from ca. 300,000 year old deposits. These finds document that the cultural performances and social interactions of archaic Homo were more sophisticated than previously known.