Main Editors: Simon Cubelic / Astrid Zotter / Ramhari Timalsina / Christo Zotter / Axel Michaels / Rajan Khatiwoda / Manik Bajracharya
Agriculture had been Nepal’s dominant economic sector throughout the early Śāha and Rāṇā periods. Property or tax collection rights on land represented the major sources of wealth. Since Nepal was run as a patrimonial state, the Gorkhali king claimed ultimate possession and control over the territory. Through the assignment of land rights, the state allocated resources to administrative and military personnel, political elites and religious institutions. State actors and social groups were linked to the government and each other through an intricate system of different entitlements on land. Documents on land transfer are therefore of crucial importance for an understanding of the economic foundations of state formation, social power structures and religious life during Nepal’s ‘long’ nineteenth century.
Royal Endowments and Gifts of Land